Plan And Section Of Residential Building

November 25, 2018 8:38 am by zionstar
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Plan And Section Of Residential Building
Combining up to date and country home plans can imply combining rustic supplies similar to slate flooring, uncovered ceiling beams, and kitchens with modern stainless steel appliances , plastic laminated cupboards , glass shelving and butcher block countertops. The ultimate result`s a recent kitchen which is serviceable and has a comfy , rustic feel. Modern design is about easy surfaces such as glass and stainless steel , and the use of bold colors.

Before we go right down to the actual theme of latest house plans, you want to know the basic options of a modern household. For starters contemporary house plan has large windows to provide a lightweight and comfortable environment, high ceilings, flexible and steady flooring plan to accommodate modern furniture and fixtures; and usage of modern supplies, corresponding to glass, steel , vinyl, stone, marble, and so on.

Home designs are highly effective symbols that you can use to create a press release to the world on who you are. Buildings have a long lifespan and will continue communicating your statement to the world long after your departure. House designs are additionally a mark of self-actualization.

Mid-Century Fashionable house plans are rising in popularity from New York to LA and all over the place in between. These plans embrace historic Eichler designs from the 1960s, as well as recent home plans inspired by the iconic `Case Study ` modern houses in Los Angeles of the late Forties and early 1950s. Led by Dwell journal , the mid century aesthetic of open plans, massive windows and minimal detailing is emerging as one of many key design traits of the early twenty first century.
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Elevation and partial plan of a temple by Giovanni Battista Piranesi.

If we look closely at the spiral stair you can see a similar approach to drawing a stair.  The stair starts at the approach that is perpendicular to the front of the house.  You then wind around until it straightens out at the landing on the second floor.  Note that the second floor loft is depicted on the first floor by a dotted line to indicate on the first floor that the loft does not extend to the front.

This example demonstrates that sometimes architectural plans can have difficulty displaying the complexity of some three dimensional arrangements of space.  Of course it is important to keep in mind that the plan alone cannot describe a space.  One needs elevations and sections to fully develop a three dimensional depiction using descriptive geometry.

On the first floor you can see the stair has a slash through it indicating that it has been cut to depict the plan of the lowest level.   On the second floor we see the entire first floor stair and the stair from the second to the third floor has been cut to reveal the toilet space under the stair.  Finally, on the third floor plan we see all two stairs.  How the exterior stair looks in three dimensions is shown in the perspective sketch by Le Corbusier.

Stair 1 — Takes the visitor to a room that is a few feet above the entry level or street level.  This takes us to a rather large landing where…

Stair 4– provides access to the third floor of bedrooms as well as to a reading room off the landing.

One of the challenges of a section is that it only portrays information at the point where the section is cut.  In the illustration above if you move two feet forward the section changes.  Why?  Because the curve of the arch that the cut is through is changing.  If one is looking at a very dynamic and changing volume of a room, like a concert hall, there will need to be many sections to adequately describe the structure.

The next illustration is of the Villa Moller built in 1928 by Adolf Loos. It displays a very complicated arrangement of rooms in space with an equally complex set of stairs.  See if you can follow the arrangement of stairs in this house.  A section is provided to assist in the puzzle.

Stairs are particularly difficult to depict in plan because they exist in a three dimensional volume that is really best seen in section. For instance, when we draw stairs a cut line is shown at about four feet above the floor.  If the plan is drawn of the second floor of a two story building one will see the entire stair as it descends from the second floor landing.   The illustration of Maison Citrohan by Le Corbusier illustrates how stairs are depicted using the conventions of drawing architectural plans.  There are two stairs in the plan — a straight stair that runs along the length of the side of the house and a circular stair.  Let’s look at the straight stair first. 

Elevation drawings tend to flatten an object that has three dimensional  protrusions because it is a projection onto a parallel surface placed in front of the object.  Consequently to see the projections of a bay window or a porch will require more than one elevation to fully describe the object.

Week 13: The Institutional and Ideological Dimensions of Architecture

Week 15: The Institutional and Ideological Dimensions of Architecture

The convention of cutting a horizontal section four feet off the floor to describe the plan of a building however does present some challenges.  For instance, how would we draw a stair?  Is it cut at four feet as well? How about a loft or balcony that overlooks the floor below?  What about high clerestory windows?  As you can see these special conditions present some challenges to the simple rule that a plan is a horizontal section cut four feet above the floor.  While there are no hard and fast rules that will resolve such questions, we can state that the plan should be drawn to provide as much information about the three dimensionality of the space as can be easily displayed. 

Based on the fact that as designers of the built environment we have agreed to communicate through drawings and by using the principles of descriptive geometry and orthographic projections, let’s look at an example of a set of drawings and then a video so you can compare different ways of describing space, form, concepts and events that go beyond mere representation.

Stair 6 — provides access to the same music room as Stair 4.  It is a more direct and more public way of entering the reading room from the main solon.

Plans, sections, and elevation drawings are conceptual and not available through experience.  Our eyes operate with a perspectival bias and that makes it difficult to view an object in elevation.  Elevations are a projection on a plane in front of the object with no distortion because of perspective.  Each line and surface that is parallel to the plane of projection is a true dimension.  In architecture we typically use elevation to describe the exterior of the building, its facade, as well as to depict the interior walls of a room, interior elevations.

A plan is a horizontal section through an object.  For a building we typically take this section about four feet off the floor.  That way we can capture any windows in the section and better comprehend the nature of the space within the building. 

interior design images Residential Building Plan And Section Viewinterior design images Residential Building Plan And Section ViewCombining modern and nation home plans can mean combining rustic supplies reminiscent of slate flooring, exposed ceiling beams, and kitchens with modern stainless steel home equipment , plastic laminated cupboards , glass shelving and butcher block countertops.

The ultimate result is a up to date kitchen which is serviceable and has a comfortable , rustic feel. Contemporary design is about smooth surfaces similar to glass and stainless steel , and the use of bold colors.

Before we go right down to the precise theme of contemporary house plans, it`s good to know the essential features of a modern household. For starters up to date house plan has massive home windows to offer a light and cozy ambiance , excessive ceilings, versatile and continuous ground plan to accommodate modern furnishings and fixtures; and usage of modern supplies , corresponding to glass, metal , vinyl, stone, marble, and so on.

House designs are highly effective symbols that you can use to create a statement to the world on who you are. Buildings have an extended lifespan and can continue speaking your statement to the world long after your departure.

Home designs are also a mark of self-actualization.Mid-Century Fashionable house plans are growing in recognition from New York to LA and in every single place in between. These plans embody historic Eichler designs from the 1960s , as well as current home plans inspired by the enduring `Case Examine ` modern houses in Los Angeles of the late 1940s and early 1950s.

Led by Dwell magazine , the mid century aesthetic of open plans, massive home windows and minimal detailing is emerging as one of the key design tendencies of the early 21st century.

Below are four drawings that represent the formal and spatial characteristics of the Pantheon, a building from ancient Rome. The top two drawings are elevations — the left is a front elevation of the entry and on the right is a side elevation.  The entry portico is on the left hand side of this second elevation.  On the bottom is a section created by slicing through the building and finally a plan.  You can compare them to a further explanation and description of the actual space and the events that take place in it in the video presented right after:

The plan above, created by Giovanni Battista Piranesi of an ancient Roman Bath, demonstrates the ability of a plan to depict very large and complex buildings.  The intricacy of the plan depicts a range of rooms in clear relationship to one another with openings, columns, and ceiling configuration (these are depicted by the dotted lines in many of the rooms).

Week 10: The Aesthetic and Theoretical Dimensions of Architecture

Sections are very good at describing hidden and complex volumes.  In the drawing below, again by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, it is not until a section is cut through the hill that we can understand the complexity of tunnels and forms that have been carved into the hill and under the Tuscan structure that is built upon the hill.

Stair 5 — takes one to a small sitting area that is in a bay window that overlooks the street.

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Stair 7 — is the exterior stair from the back of the house.  It provides access to the main solon and up to the terrace at the reading room level.

“A new look inside the Pantheon”, CNN, 9 December 2011, http://backstory.blogs.cnn.com/2011/12/09/the-revealer-the-pantheon/

Week 11: The Aesthetic and Theoretical Dimensions of Architecture

Week 14: The Institutional and Ideological Dimensions of Architecture

Stair 3– is the service stair and connects the service entry door to the kitchen on the second floor.

Stair 2 — continues the journey to the main floor of the house, level 2.

A section is a vertical slice through a building with one half removed so we can look inside.  The drawing below by Giovanni Battista Piranesi depicts a section cut through a Roman aqueduct.  The sectional drawing was produced by imagining that a giant chain saw cut the structure so it could be viewed from the side.

Week 5:  The Biological, Social and Cultural Aspects of Architecture

Week 12: The Aesthetic and Theoretical Dimensions of Architecture

Week 9: The Aesthetic and Theoretical Dimensions of Architecture

The Functions of Residential Building Elevation and Floor PlanThe continued development of technology and the growing age also in determining the design and layout of residential buildings and elevation, architecture will continue to develop their work and hopes to become the target of the consumer.

Residential building elevation and floor plan were made in different buildings or apartments with a residential apartment instead.Residential Apartment Building Elevation PlansPlan elevation for residential apartment buildings have a more difficult engineering drawings for which the proficiency level images to be made of 3-dimensional and has a number of floors a lot.

Construction by the engineer must have a precise calculation because without it the building that will be built is not solid and strong. Engineering drawings Residential building elevation and floor plan must have a detailed communication language, because this image is used for residential buildings, must be designed and built with good materials.

Plan of elevation for residential building no apartments having simple engineering drawings for the house because consists of only a few floors away. Elevation must be determined and have a separate calculation.

American countries, they are very concerned about these factors, especially on the front elevation. Residential building elevation and floor plan must be made in building design for any home by drawing the floor plan, you can find out the building design to be made, the room layout and elevations contained in the house.

Residential building elevation and floor plan made by the architectural design of the building in order to determine who will be made. This image was deliberately made so that you know the shape and layout of the housing, in the world of industrial engineering drawing course not only for housing but for fashion as well as industrial products.

All this is done in order to determine whether the work of engineers in accordance with the expectations of society or not. Residential Building Elevation Pictures image of residential building elevation residential building elevation photos residential building elevation designs elevation design residential apartment architecture design residential building elevation models residential building elevation images Design is usually submitted to the parties who will build the house as well as in the evaluation and serve as a communication language for housing to be built.

Week 6: The Biological, Social and Cultural Aspects of Architecture

Let’s look at each type of drawing, plan, elevation and section, to see how they are made and the conventions we typically use when producing them.

Week 8: The Biological, Social and Cultural Aspects of Architecture

Together let’s unravel the puzzle of stairs for this example:

Week 7: The Biological, Social and Cultural Aspects of Architecture

Stair 8 — a circular stair that leads up the the servants bedrooms on level four.

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