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Zion Star


Canadian Old Houses.

Lighting tips. You may choose to area high lamps or lighting with dichroic lamps in the ceiling. It will help you if you have current decor with large windows that contain spaces. If so, select blinds or simple woven synthetic and avoids the traditional curtains.

The choice of home decorating channel is utterly a personal decision, as well as being very important because it will redo the atmosphere and comfort that we are seeking to be at our home. The interior design of latter-day houses is a great inspiration for those whom are planning to potentiate the comfort of space to enjoy her stay to the end of the day.

Modern furniture. In the interior of current homes, the selection of furniture is a extremely important issue. single option is to get chairs, sofas and tables of sleek and clean (i.e., sober colors and designs that create a feeling of more space), something bold yet sophisticated. It is common in this present-day decor that used furniture of angular shapes, so you could place that you like but try not to area more because in this decoration `less is more`.

Here tips to Decorate contemporary Homes, Choose colors, If you want to choose colors in a palette, you will need to learn and to read a color chart of paint, that roadway it will be easier to choose and combine the colors with which you want to paint the walls. If you are single of those people who felt that all white walls are cold and sterile, it is well that you combine with pastel colors and maybe you can compare with other furniture colors.

The fresh home interior designs are characterized by having clean areas, with few details and lively colors but that in convert plays a lot with textures. most people prefer minimalist policy for this type of decoration.

Materials and accessories for laurel wreath. Ofttimes the tidings light has artistic movement bargain with the laurel wreath of the theater and too physical science accessories such as stereos or televisions, as they rich person to take in place . On the other hand, there should be granite floors or linoleum, if you have any other option but avoid similar that could choose to use cover with rugs or blankets. Also in the kitchen decor e.g., interior modernity has come hand in hand with stainless steel or chrome. These materials should also be used in faucets or pipes of the bathrooms.

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Why Buy Here? The neighborhood is a few minutes from downtown Vancouver (pop. 600,000) and adjacent to Chinatown. Many houses have detached garages set along alleyways; thanks to new zoning laws, these can be converted into rental properties if desired.

Editor’s Picks: Best Gifts for Home Cooks and Foodies | 2018 Gift Guide

Building Built City Architect Image Maison Puiseaux 1637 Quebec City Maison de madame de La Peltrie 1644 Quebec City Basilique-cathédrale de Notre-Dame-de-Québec 1647 Quebec City Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, Jean Baillairgé Maison Delisle[130] 1648 Deschambault-Grondines Maison du Duc-de-Kent 1648 Quebec City 7363 avenue Royale 1668 Château-Richer Manoir Boucher de Niverville 1668 Trois-Rivières Maison LeBer-LeMoyne[131] 1669 Montreal (Lachine) Jacques Le Ber Maison Marcoux 1670 Quebec City Chapelle Notre-Dame-des-Anges 1671 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Maison-Laberge 1674 L’Ange-Gardien Moulin à vent de Grondines 1674 Deschambault-Grondines Maison François-Jacquet-dit-Langevin 1675 Quebec City Séminaire de Québec 1675 Quebec City François de Laval Manoir de Charleville[132] 1677 Boischatel Maison Gourdeau[133] 1677 St.

Jean, ile d’Orleans Maison Morisset 1678 Sainte Famille, Ile d’Orleans Maison Amiot 1679 Quebec City Sacristie de l’Hôpital-Général-de-Québec 1679 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier Bâtiment des Récollets de l’Hôpital-Général-de-Québec 1680 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier 1789, chemin Royal[134] 1680 Ile d’Orleans Gagnon House[135] 1680 Sainte-Famille, ile d’Orleans Maison Rageot 1682 Quebec City Maison Chavigny-Gosselin 1683 Quebec City Maison Louis-Fornel 1683 Quebec City Maison Louis-Jolliet 1683 Quebec City Maison Frérot 1683 Quebec City Maison Maheu-Couillard 1683 Quebec City Maison Hazeur 1684 Quebec City Maison des Jésuites 1684 Quebec City Maison Delage 1684 Quebec City Tours du fort des Messieurs de Saint-Sulpice 1684 Montreal Vieux-Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice 1684 Montreal Society of Saint-Sulpice Windmill of Isle St-Bernard[136] 1686 Châteauguay Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Quebec City 1687 Quebec City Maison Jean-Demers 1689 Quebec City Maison Lambert-Dumont 1689 Quebec Maison Michel-Dubuc[137] 1690 Longueuil Vincelotte Windmill[138] 1691 Cap-Saint-Ignace 2360-2362, chemin Royal[139] 1691 ile d’Orleans La Petite Ferme, House 1692 La Petite-Ferme, Quebec Moulin (Mill) du Petit-Pré[140] 1695 Château-Richer Maison Saint-Gabriel 1698 Montreal Couvent des Ursulines 1699 Trois-Rivieres Maison Descaris[141] 1700 Montreal Maison Range-dit-Laviolette[142] 1700 Baie-D’Urfé Maison des Jésuites-de-Sillery 1702-1733 Sillery, Quebec City Château Ramezay 1705 Montreal Domaine de Maizerets[143] 1705 Quebec City Maison Péan 1705 Quebec City Pointe-du-Moulin[144] 1708 Notre-Dame-de-l’Ile-Perrot Pointe-Claire Windmill[145] 1709 Montreal Maison Étienne-Nivard-de Saint-Dizier[146] 1710 Montreal Dauphine Redoubt[147] 1712 Quebec City Maison de la Veuve-Groleau[148] 1715 Deschambault-Grondines Church of St-Pierre[149] 1717-1719 Île d’Orléans Pointe-aux-Trembles Windmill[150] 1719 Montreal Maison Molleur-Dit-Lallemand 1720[151] Beaumont, Quebec Maison Vézina[152] 1720 Boischatel Sanctuaire de Notre-Dame-du-Cap 1720 Trois-Rivieres Watermill of Saint-Laurent 1720 Ile d’Orleans Maison Etienne-Marchand 1722 Quebec Maison Larchevêque-Lelièvre 1727 Quebec Saint-François Church 1734 St-Jean, Ile d’Orleans Manoir Mauvide-Genest 1734 Ile d’Orleans Saint-Jean Church 1737 St-Jean, Ile d’Orleans Hurtubise House 1739 Montreal (Westmount) Maison Lamontagne 1744 Rimouski Sainte-Famille Church 1747 Ste-Famille, Ile d’Orleans Saskatchewan[edit]

It’s appropriate that part of current-day Wolseley was once a turn-of-the-century amusement park called Happyland. The suburban Winnipeg neighborhood that developed around and eventually devoured the financially strapped park seems to bring as much glee to today’s residents as it did to yesterday’s roller-coaster riders. Its quiet, verdant streets, lined with towering elm trees and well-lived-in houses, exude an air of tranquility. “It’s hard not to love this place,” says Todd Sykes, who grew up here and now owns a house just a few doors down from his parents’. He points out how everyday life here recalls a simpler time: During the long winters, shacks selling hot chocolate still pop up on the frozen Assiniboine River to serve ice skaters and hockey players, and local kids tear themselves away from their PlayStations to toboggan down the same hills he did when he was young.

Until the 1970s the choice of housing accommodation in Canada was polarized between low-density, single-family suburban houses and high-density, multifamily urban apartment houses. With the emergence of demographic changes and a greater awareness of diminishing energy supplies, new dwelling forms are being developed that avoid both extremes. Medium-density and medium-rise urban dwellings that are well lit and ventilated, often having more than one exposure, have already made an appearance in large cities of Canada. Another emerging trend involves mixed zoning, whereby housing can be built in combination with commercial and office buildings. Occupying the upper floors of a building, this housing resembles penthouse accommodation with ample access to sun, air and view, away from street noises, but still close to the urban and cultural facilities of a lively city.

Building or complex Built Location Architect Father Lacombe Chapel 1861[1] St. Albert Fr. Albert Lacombe Clerk’s Quarters 1865[2] Fort Victoria George Flett Rocky Mountain House Chimneys 1868[3] Rocky Mountain House Hudson’s Bay Company Hunt House 1876[4] Calgary Hudson’s Bay Company C.

O. Card House 1887[5] Cardston Banff Springs Hotel 1888 Banff Canadian Pacific Railway Lougheed House 1891 Calgary James & Isabella Lougheed Ralph Connor Church 1891[6] Canmore John Walter house 1875[7] Edmonton Lac La Biche Convent 1894[8] Lac La Biche Oblates of Mary Immaculate Roland Michener House 1894[9] Lacombe Union Bank 1899[10] Fort Macleod David Grier British Columbia[edit]

 Bungalows originated in India as adaptations of indigenous dwellings by British colonial officers for their own use, and were subsequently copied in several other colonies with a hot and humid climate. Upon their return to England, colonial administrators first built bungalows as second homes near the seaside, but later also built them as permanent homes. In contrast to multilevel cottages and townhouses, single-level bungalows were particularly well-suited for elderly retired couples, such as those returning from the colonies. Eventually, however, the bungalow was "popularized" and dispersed all over the world, including North America, where it was especially favoured in California.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in British Columbia constructed prior to 1900.

MLA 8TH EDITION Schoenauer, Norbert. “House”. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 04 March 2015, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/house. Accessed 24 November 2018.

Among the best for: Canada, Cottages and Bungalows, Walkability, Gardening, Lots to Do

Why Buy Here? The multiphase development of The Highlands means the streets here are lined with dwellings representing a wealth of 20th-century housing styles. Says Johanne Yakula, of From Times Past Antiques and Interiors, “These homes are real pieces of history, standing side by side.” The upcoming conversion of writer and philosopher Marshall McLuhan’s childhood home into a visiting academics and writers’ center will add another landmark to what is already a culturally enriched community.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Saskatchewan constructed prior to 1900.

The HousesHouses in Craftsman, foursquare, and various Arts and Crafts styles can be had for $275,000 to $350,000. Classical Revival houses (as well as larger Craftsmans and foursquares) are priced in the millions.

Situated on the Gulf of the St. Lawrence River, Summerside was an important seaport in the mid 19th century, following construction of a wharf and shipyard here. Once called Green Shores Bedeque, Summerside was renamed after an inn that was run by Joseph Green, youngest son of town settler Daniel Green. Today, abundant recreational facilities, including two arenas and community pools, welcome tourists and residents year-round. The Silver Fox Curling & Yacht Club and 15 green spaces exist harmoniously with sweeping waterfront views and more than 4 miles of boardwalk, along which residents can rent bicycles and kayaks. Spinnaker’s Landing, an extension of the boardwalk, offers retail therapy, sailboat gazing, desserts at the Treat Shoppe, and a summer-long concert series called Harbourfest. The town’s fishing and boating heritage are still preserved by yearly events, including its annual Lobster Carnival.

Categories: Lists of oldest buildings and structures in Canada

At the beginning of the 20th century, first the wealthy and later others moved to the outskirts of cities to live in detached houses on large lots along treed avenues to escape increased air pollution, crime, overcrowding and noise. This desire for a healthier living environment eventually resulted in the proliferation of dormitory suburbs. Single-family suburban homes were usually 2-storey dwellings with a spatial organization not unlike that of townhouses, with the principal rooms invariably occupying the front, or street side, of the house, and the secondary rooms placed towards the rear yard.

Summer vacationers flock to this tiny village for its rugged beauty, and some love it so much they stay. “It’s a healthy place to be,” says Jacqueline Bartlett, who retired to St. Martins from Toronto with her husband in 2005. Locals don’t mind trading urban convenience for gorgeous views of the Bay of Fundy along the southern coast of the province, 110 miles from the Maine border. “We came for the good, fresh air and healthy water. I have my own chickens and food from the garden—and I’m a city person.” The remote town comes alive as a tourist mecca during the summer, but only about 400 of New Brunswick’s heartiest stick it out year-round. “Most go south for the winter,” says local museum curator Barbara McIntyre, with a friendly chuckle.

Located at the junction of the Annapolis and Allain Rivers, Annapolis Royal is a waterfront community of just under 500 residents, many of them artists, writers, or retirees. The town is proud to be one of North America’s oldest continuous European settlements. It was founded as a French colony in 1605 and eventually served as the capital of Acadia (later Nova Scotia) until 1710, when it became the capitol of British Nova Scotia. Later, the town became home to merchants, commercial fisherman, and sea captains who built elegant houses along St. George Street. Today, the waterfront is populated with shops and art galleries, as well as the Historic Gardens, a 17-acre horticultural wonderland that tells the story of Nova Scotia through the gardens and crops planted here over the centuries.

Why Buy Here? Because of its fine 18th-, 19th- and early-20th-century architecture, most of Annapolis Royal is listed as a Canadian National Historic District. While fishing is still big, its scenic beauty and small-town atmosphere make Annapolis Royal a draw for those who work from home, as well as retirees, who love the fact that shops, groceries, a theater, and a hospital are all within walking distance on St. George Street.

Building Height [m] Floors Built City Architect Notes Treitz Haus 2½ 1769 Moncton The eastern section of the building was completed in 1769 with the second addition completed in the 1820s. John Dunn House 3 1784 St.

Andrews John Dunn Significant in that it was possibly the first house built in Saint Andrews taller than two floors. A United Empire Loyalist, Dunn brought most of the materials to build the house with him from New York in 1784.

Odell House, Fredericton 3 1785 Fredericton The oldest house in Fredericton. Smyth House 1½ 1787 Fredericton This house is an excellent example of loyalist construction in late 18th-century New Brunswick.

It was built out of necessity and with the available material: wood. Reverend Samuel Andrews House 1½ 1790 Ministers Island Steeves House Museum[32] 2 1812 Hillsborough St. Andrews Blockhouse 1813 St.

Andrews One of three that once guarded St. Andrews. However, it never saw battle. Carleton Martello Tower 2 1815 Saint John Loyalist House 2½ 1810-1817 Saint John David Daniel Merrit Free Meeting House 1 1821 Moncton Constructed as a meeting place for all denominations as a place of worship until churches could be built for their respective use.

Williston House 2 1824 Miramichi Andrew Currie The oldest building in the Miramichi area. St. John’s Anglican (Stone) Church 1825 Saint John Government House, Fredericton 1826-1828 Fredericton James Woolford Built after the former Lieutenant-Governors mansion burned to the ground in 1825.

Sir Howard Douglas Hall, University of New Brunswick 1826-27 Fredericton James Woolford Also known as “the Old Arts Building”, it is the oldest building still officially in use by a university in Canada.

It was designed by the same architect as Government House. The third floor was added to accommodate more staff and students in 1876-77. Saint John County Court House 3 1829 Saint John John Cunningham Inside the courthouse is a free-standing spiral stairway, one of the largest in the country.

Charles Connell House 2½ 1839 Woodstock Christ Church Cathedral 60 1853 Fredericton Frank Wills Fredericton City Hall 47 4 1875-76 Fredericton McKean & Fairweather Bank of New Brunswick (building) 2 1879 Saint John Henry F.

Starbuck This building is intended to represent not only itself but the dozens of other buildings destroyed overnight by The Great Fire of Saint John, New Brunswick in 1877. Built on Prince William Street, the Bank of New Brunswick building is encompassed by blocks of other buildings constructed by several other architects between 1877 and 1881 in the area known today as the Trinity Royal Heritage Conservation Area.

New Brunswick Legislature 41 4 1882 Fredericton J.C. Dumaresq Constructed with stone after the first, built of wood, was destroyed by fire in 1880. Also of note on the Parliament Square site is the Old Education Building constructed in 1816 of stone with two more floors added in 1869.

The Departmental building was completed in 1888. Marysville Cotton Mill 4 1883-85 Fredericton Greene and Company Mill Architects and Engineers The imposing, four-storey, red-brick cotton mill building features a flat-roofed central tower, and numerous multi-pane mullion windows.

It was Canada’s second largest cotton mill at the time. The mill opened in the spring of 1885, with full production being reached in November 1889. It now sits rehabilitated to serve as government offices.

[33] Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

The need to provide affordable multiunit and cluster housing with home comfort, privacy, outdoor extensions, as well as access to sunlight, air and good views for urban dwellers is an ongoing challenge in the architectural profession. The best of Canadian housing developments are close to ideal, but the majority, especially those that are affordable to many, have some distance to go.

T.B. Dennis, Albertans Built (1986); A. Gowans, Building Canada (1966); M. Lessard and H. Marquis, Encyclopédie de la maison québecoise (1972); Norbert Schoenauer, 6000 Years of Housing (3 vols, 1981); John Sewell, Houses and Homes: Housing for Canadians (1994).

There is said to be 25 buildings built prior to 1882 still surviving in Alberta. Most buildings considered “historic” in Alberta are from the post-railway era (e.g. after 1885 in Calgary, after 1891 in Edmonton).

The typical urban house in Québec had raised masonry gables with double chimneys and wall head corbels, and the roof structure was covered with sheet metal or tin tiles. These precautions were made necessary by the hazard of fire when houses were multistoreyed and had stone masonry walls with wooden floors and roofs. However, the use of wood planks for walls was also widespread in urban houses and, in later years, wood was often used in conjunction with an external cladding of brick. Many of the early urban houses were attractive structures with well-proportioned windows and doors, having few ornaments but characterized by a simple elegance.

Olde Walkerville’s spirited beginnings date to the 1850s, when Hiram Walker established the Canadian Club whisky distillery on several hundred acres of land on the Canadian side of the Detroit River. To house his workers, Walker surrounded his distillery with a company town inspired by the British garden-city movement—with wide streets, open spaces, and bountiful vegetation. The town was self-sustaining, with its own post office, schools, and a church. These days, Olde Walkerville remains a close-knit community, where it’s not unusual to see neighbors helping one another with gardening projects. Walkerville’s retail thoroughfare, Wyandotte Street, is planted with cafes, shops, and restaurants. And you can still smell the sweet scent of Mr. Walker’s whisky in the air.

 House usually refers to a building that serves as living quarters for one or several families. House forms and building styles have changed throughout history in response to socioeconomic forces as well as to climatic conditions inherent to particular geographic locations. In effect, houses are like mirrors that reflect both the living conditions and the cultural heritage of their builders.

The suburban sprawl has, however, resulted in increased distances between the city and new suburbs. To economize on land, and in response to the effects of the energy crisis on transportation, alternatives to the bungalow have been introduced, such as the split-level house, followed more recently by a return to 2 traditional house forms: the 2-storey, single-family home and the attached townhouse.

Perhaps the design, size and location of the kitchen in modern houses best illustrate the new movement; the ill-equipped, dark kitchen relegated to an obscure corner of the old house has been replaced by a well-equipped, sunny and efficient space adjacent to the dining area, or often combined with it. Much greater attention is given to the layout of bedrooms and bathrooms so that reasonable privacy can be enjoyed by each member of the family. Healthful living conditions imply ample access to light and air, as well as good sanitary services. Large picture windows and glass walls in domestic architecture place a new focus on views and thereby a greater awareness of the outdoor environment. Areas such as terraces, patios and gardens are perceived as extensions, or outdoor rooms, of the house. Their connection with the interior, as well as their landscape treatment, have become important design features.

Building Height[m] Floors Built City Architect Viking Houses ca. 1000 L’Anse aux Meadows Anderson House 1805 St. John’s James Anderson Government House 1831 St. John’s Hebron Moravian Mission 1830s Hebron Alexander House 1835 Bonavista Cathedral of St.

John the Baptist 24 1847 St. John’s George Gilbert Scott Bank of British North America Building 1849 St. John’s William Howe Greene Colonial Building 1850 St. John’s James Purcell Church of St. James the Apostle 1852 Battle Harbour William Grey Basilica of St.

John The Baptist 48 1855 St. John’s J.P. Jones Point Amour lighthouse 32 1854-1857 Point Amour Charles François Xavier Baby Saint Bonaventure’s College 1858 St. John’s Northwest Territories[edit] Building Height[m] Floors Built City Architect The Wildcat Cafe 1 1937 Yellowknife Nova Scotia[edit]

Building Built City Architect Image Fort Selkirk Schoolhouse 1892 Fort Selkirk Coward Cabin 1898 Fort Selkirk Lowe’s Mortuary 1898 Dawson City North West Mounted Police Jail 1898 Dawson City St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church 1898 Fort Selkirk Yukon Hotel 1898 Dawson City J.

E. Binet Yukon Sawmill Company Office 1898 Dawson City Robert Service Cabin 1898-1899 Dawson City P. Denhardt Cabin 1899 (before) Dawson City Paul Dennhardt Third Avenue Hotel, Building 14 1899 Dawson City Dawson City Telegraph Office 1899 Dawson City Mme.

Tremblay’s Store (16) 1899 Dawson City NWMP Married Quarters 1899 Dawson City Pioneer Hotel 2 1899 Whitehorse John Smart, Edward Dixon See also[edit] Architecture of Canada List of heritage buildings in Vancouver List of oldest buildings and structures in Halifax, Nova Scotia List of oldest buildings and structures in Toronto Gothic Revival architecture in Canada

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Among the best for: Canada, Family Friendly, First-Time Buyers, Victorians, Cottages and Bungalows, Lots to Do, Small Towns, Parks and Recreation

The HousesElegant houses of 3,500-plus square feet—built for company management—include Tudor Revivals, Edwardians, and Romanesque Revivals. More modest Arts and Crafts dwellings, constructed for Walker’s laborers, are equally well preserved. Blocks of seemingly uniform rowhouses and semidetached houses are set off by decorative brickwork, varying parapets, and front or end gables. Prices range from $150,000 to as much as a million.

The HousesMost were built in the early 1900s and are largely Queen Annes and other Victorian-era styles. Prices range from about $150,000 to $700,000 (USD). Houses are interspersed with handsome pre–World War II apartment buildings, built for the city’s teachers, nurses, and small-business owners—a combination that has always made this neighborhood economically diverse.

Why Buy Here?Its location at the U.S. border and proximity to Autoroute 55 make it easy to travel near and far. The Haskell Free Library and Opera House, constructed between 1901 and 1904 deliberately at the convergence of the two border towns, is still accessible from either side without passing through customs. Sports fans appreciate L’Arena Pat Burns, a state-of-the-art arena named for the legendary NHL coach.

The HousesProsperous sea captains built most of the homes in the area in the early 19th century. Inspired by architecture from as far away as France, Spain, Malaysia, and China, the houses weave elements of what locals saw abroad with Gothic Revival, Italianate, and Queen Anne styles. Expect a bay view, an acre or more of land, and a sturdy, storied structure to set you back about $110,000 to $250,000.

Among the best for: Canada, Small Towns, Waterfront, Parks and Recreation, Cottages and Bungalows, Bargains, Walkability, Victorians

From the oldest residential neighborhood in British Columbia to a company town in Ontario developed for workers at the Canadian Club whisky distillery, our neighbor to the north has plenty in the way of character-filled places worth checking out. They’re just a few of the 61 vibrant neighborhoods from coast to coast where you’ll find one-of-a-kind period houses. Read on to see which ones provide the sort of lifestyle that will have you heading over the border, or see all the neighborhoods and categories.

The HousesGravelbourg’s early-20th-century homes are in the style of Early Classical Revival, Colonial Revival, and French Eclectic. The more modest heritage homes range from $80,000 to $100,000 USD, while Gravelbourg’s original pioneer homes sell for $200,000 and up.

Why Buy Here? Memorial University provides locals with plenty of cultural and sporting events. The neighborhood is also home to the Rabbittown Theatre Company, a destination for modern and classical theatrical productions. The city’s waterfront location provides plenty of opportunities for boating, and some whale watching, too.

Building Built City Architect Notes Image Fort Anne 1702 -1708[34] Fort Anne Remnants of the French fort were incorporated into the English structure. The magazine was built in 1708. deGannes-Cosby House 1708[35] Annapolis Royal Rebuilt following a fire in 1707.

Original structure dated to 1693. Adams-Ritchie House 1712[35] Annapolis Royal Williams House 1715[36] Annapolis Royal Fort Edward Blockhouse 1750[37] Windsor The Blockhouse was erected in 1750 as part of the Fort Edward complex.

An Acadian church was torn down to make way for the Fort. Most of the other buildings (Barracks, etc.) were lost to a fire in 1922. St. Paul’s Church 1750 Halifax The Little Dutch Church 1756 Halifax The structure dates to the early 1750s.

The building was moved to its present location, consecrated, and saw the addition of a steeple in 1756. It remains the second-oldest surviving building in Halifax after St. Paul’s Church. Sinclair Inn 1710, 1712 & 1781 [38] Annapolis Royal The main structure known as the Sinclair Inn dates to 1781.

The building incorporates within its structure two earlier French period buildings – the Soullard (1710) and Skene (1712) houses. The dates have been verified by dendrochronology. Sambro Island Light 1758 Halifax Oldest surviving lighthouse in North America Amberman House 1760[36] Annapolis Royal St.

John’s Anglican Church 1763 Lunenburg Morris House 1764 Halifax Goodwin House 1765[39] Habitant Old Barrington Meeting House 1765 Barrington Head Wood frame building erected by settlers from New England; one of the oldest surviving buildings in English-speaking Canada, and a good example of a New England-style colonial meeting house Simeon Perkins House, 1767 Liverpool, Nova Scotia Jeremiah Calkin House 1768[40] Gand Pre Bailey House 1770[41] Annapolis Royal Scott Manor House 1770 Halifax (Bedford) Bonnett House 1773[42] Annapolis Royal Kent Lodge 1775 Wolfville Solomon House 1775 Lunenburg Planters Barracks 1778[43] Starrs Point Stewart House 1779[44] Grand Pre Quaker Whaler House 1785 Dartmouth Ross-Thomson House & Store 1785 Shelburne, Nova Scotia Jost House 1786 Sydney, Nova Scotia Randall House 1786[45] Wolfville Cossit House 1787 Sydney, Nova Scotia St.

Mary’s Anglican Church (Auburn, Nova Scotia) 1790 Auburn Old Holy Trinity Anglican Church 1791 Middleton St. George’s Anglican Church[46] 1791 Sydney Borden House 1791 Grand Pre Boyhood home of Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada, 1911-1920 Knaut-Rhuland House 1793[47] Lunenburg Prince’s Lodge (Music Room) 1794 Halifax Saint Edward’s Anglican Church 1795[48] Clementsport Prince of Wales Tower 1797 Halifax Oldest Martello Tower in North America Samuel Greenwood House 1797 Dartmouth Fort Anne Officers’ Quarters 1798[49] Annapolis Royal St.

George’s (Round) Church 1800 Halifax Halifax Town Clock 1803 Halifax Argyle Township Court House and Jail 1805 Tusket Canada’s Oldest Standing Wooden Court House Government House 1805 Halifax Acacia Grove/Prescott House 1809[50] Port Williams Covenanter Church 1811 Grand Pre Uniacke House 1815 Mount Uniacke Admiralty House 1819 Halifax Province House 1819 Halifax St.

Mary’s Basilica 1829 Halifax Ontario[edit]

During the 19th century the most prevalent urban dwelling form in central and eastern Canada was the townhouse, in either attached or detached dwelling units. Reminiscent of the Georgian and Victorian townhouses of Great Britain, the Canadian townhouse, like its American counterpart, was less formal. Since few households had servants, Canadian townhouse dwellers placed their kitchen and scullery on the first floor, rather than in the basement, along with the principal reception rooms. In the Canadian townhouse, the living room, the entrance vestibule and stair hall occupied the front end of the house, and the dining room, kitchen and scullery the rear; the living and dining rooms were often separated from each other by an archway, with or without recessed sliding doors, a double-parlour type of arrangement. The bedrooms were located on the upper floors, with the master bedroom facing the street.

Building Floors Built City Architect Image Peter Secord House[51] 1782 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St. Davids) Peter Secord Grist Mill[52] 1782-1783 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St. Davids) Mohawk Chapel 1785 Brantford Hawley House 1785 Bath Secord ~ Paxton House[53] 1785-1790 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St.

Davids) Daniel Reynolds House[54] 1786 Wellington Nelles-Fitch House 1791 (rear portion is from 1787)[55] Grimsby Lake Lodge 1792 Niagara-on-the-Lake Meyer’s Mill[56] 1792 Belleville Queen’s Rangers’ Cabin[57] 1792 Hamilton (Flamborough) Old Hay Bay Church[58] 2 1792 Adolphustown Fairfield House[59] 1793 Bath De Puisaye House[60] 1794 Niagara-on-the-Lake Scadding Cabin 1794 Toronto Bajus Brewery 1794-1795 Kingston Fairfield-Gutzeit House 1796 Bath Brown-Jouppien House[61] 1796 back/1802 front St.

Catharines Park House Museum 1796 Amherstburg Whirlpool House[62] 1796 Niagara Falls Powder Magazine (Fort George)[63] 1796 Niagara-on-the-Lake Battlefield House 2 1796 Hamilton (Stoney Creek) Backhouse Mill 2 1798 Norfolk County Nelles Manor[64] 2 1798 Grimsby Gordon House[65] 2 1798 Amherstburg Duff Baby House 2 1798 Windsor Buchner House[66] 1 1799 Niagara Falls Elias Smith House[67] 1 1799 Port Hope Homewood[68] 2 1799-1800 Augusta Field House[69] 2 1800 or 1799[70] Niagara-on-the-Lake McFarland House[71] 2 1800 Niagara-on-the-Lake Nelles Merchant Shop[72] 2 1800 Grimsby Old Stone Shop[73] 1 1800 Grimsby Westfield Trading Post[74] 1801 Hamilton (Flamborough) Fort George 1802 Niagara-on-the-Lake Old St.

Andrews Roman Catholic Church (now used as parish hall) 1 1802 St. Andrews Cline House[75] 1 1803 Grimsby Laura Secord House 1 1803 Niagara-on-the-Lake (Queenston) Richard Hatt Building[76] 1 1804 Hamilton (Dundas) Bethune-Thompson House 1 1805 (incorporates cabin from 1784[77]) Williamstown Clement House[78] 2 1805 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St.

Davids) Danner House[79] 2 1805 Niagara Falls McGregor-Cowan House[80] 2 1805 Windsor Mitchell Cottage[81] 1 1805 Niagara Falls Tisdale House[82] 2 1806 Hamilton (Ancaster) John Cox Cottage 1 1807 Toronto Elm Bank Farm First House 1 1808 Toronto Fort Erie (completed) 1808 Fort Erie Hamilton-Kormos House[83] 2 1808 Niagara-on-the-Lake (Queenston) Rochleau House 3 1808 Kingston Ball’s Grist Mill[84] 2 1809 Jordan Dalziel Barn 3 1809 Vaughan Gibraltar Point Lighthouse 1809 Toronto St.

Mark’s Anglican Church[85] 3 1809 (founded 1791) Niagara-on-the-Lake White Chapel[86] 2 1809 Picton Upper House 2 1809 Thorold (Allanburg) Bamberger House 2 1810 Hamilton (Flamborough) Samuel Bamberger Church House[87] 2 1810 Niagara Falls Corman House[88] 2 1810 Hamilton (Stoney Creek) Morden House 1810 Hamilton (Dundas) Springdale 2 1810 Hamilton (Flamborough) Hector McKay Delta Mill[89] 2 1810 Delta Westbrook House 2 1810 Hamilton (Flamborough) Haggai Westbrook Cherry Hill House[90] 2 1811 (Stone wing) / 1822 Mississauga John Bogart House[91] 2 1811 Newmarket St.

Paul’s Anglican Church (Originally Baptist)[92] 1811 Delta 232 King Street, East[93] 1 ½ 1812 Kingston St. Andrew’s United Church (originally Presbyterian)[94] 1812 (founded 1787) Williamstown François Baby House 2 1812 Windsor Lawson House[95] 2 1812 Fort Erie Lynde House 1812 Whitby Pierre Belleperche House[96] 1812 Windsor Ermatinger Old Stone House[97] 1812-1814 Sault Ste.

Marie “The Barracks”[98] 1812-1814 Cobourg John Snider House[99] 1813 Colchester Fort York 1813 (built on site of 1793 garrison) Toronto Fort Mississauga[100] 1814 Niagara-on-the-Lake Log Chapel[101] 1814 Hamilton (Flamborough) Butler House[102] 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake Jacob Fry House[103] 2 1815 Jordan Kerr-Wooll House (Demeath)[104] 2 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake Old Post Inn[105] 2 1815 Ajax The Olde Angel Inn 1815 (Circa 1789) Niagara-on-the-Lake William Woodruff House[53] 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St.

Davids) Woodruff-Rigby House[53] 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake Inverarden[106] 1816 Cornwall Joseph Schneider Haus 2 1816 Kitchener Belleview 2 1816 Amherstburg Niagara Masonic Hall[107] 2 1816 Niagara-on-the-Lake Vanderlip House[102] 2 1816 Niagara-on-the-Lake Ham House 2 1816 Bath Harmony Hall[108] 2 1816 Hamilton (Ancaster) Wilson-Kent House[109] 2 1816 Niagara-on-the-Lake Macdonell-Williamson House 2 1817 East Hawkesbury The Grange 3 1817 Toronto D’Arcy Boulton Jr Rogers House[110] 3 1817 (on foundation from 1792) Niagara-on-the-Lake Butlers Barracks 2 1817 Niagara-on-the-Lake Nash-Jackson House[111] 2 1818 Hamilton (Stoney Creek) Thames River Lighthouse[112] 1818 Essex County Christ Church[113] 1819 Amherstburg Clergue Blockhouse (stone part) 2 1819 Sault Ste Marie Barnum House 2 1819 Grafton Ebenezer Doan House 2 1819 East Gwillimbury Brick Barracks, Fort Malden[114] 1 1820 Amherstburg D’Aubigny Inn[115] 1820 Hamilton (Flamborough) Joseph A.

Keeler House[116] 2 1820 Colborne Niagara Apothecary[117] 1820 Niagara-on-the-Lake Furry Tavern[118] 2 1821 Lowbanks Montreal House 2 1821 Mississauga (Streetsville) Campbell House 2 1822 Toronto St. James Anglican Church 2 1822 Beckwith (Franktown) St Mark’s Anglican Church[119] 1822 Port Hope St.

Thomas Church 1822 St. Thomas John Moore House 2 1824 Sparta Inge-Va[120] 1824 Perth Locust Hall[53] 2 1824 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St. Davids) Hoover house 1824 Markham L’Orignal Court House and Jail 2 1825 L’Orignal Customs House[121] 2 1825 Niagara-on-the-Lake St.

Andrew’s Anglican Church[122] 1825 (founded in 1794) Grimsby St. John the Evangelist Anglican Church[123] 1825 Niagara Falls St. Mary Magdalene Anglican Church[124] 1825 Picton Timothy Street House 2 1825 Mississauga (Streetsville) Walbridge House 1825 Newcastle St.

George Anglican Cathedral 1825-1828 (founded in 1792) Kingston Allan Macpherson House 2 1826 Napanee Bank of Upper Canada Building 3 1827 Toronto Griffin House 1 ½ 1827 Hamilton (Ancaster) John Lawrason Poplars[125] 2 1827 Cobourg St Peter’s Anglican Church[126] 1827 Tyrconnell Stone House currently the Bytown Museum 3 1827 Ottawa Thomas McKay Middlesex County Court House 3 1827-1829 London Blacksmith’s house[127] 1828 Hamilton (Flamborough) Robinson-Adamson House 1 1828 Mississauga Bishop’s Block 3 1829 Toronto False Ducks Lighthouse[128] 1829 Prince Edward County Stiver House 1 1829 Markham (Unionville) Osgoode Hall 3 1829-1832 Toronto Quebec[edit]

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Nova Scotia constructed prior to 1830.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in New Brunswick constructed prior to 1890.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Newfoundland and Labrador constructed prior to 1860.

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 House usually refers to a building that serves as living quarters for one or several families. House forms and building styles have changed throughout history in response to socioeconomic forces as well as to climatic conditions inherent to particular geographic locations.

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Along with the proliferation of single-family dwellings in the suburbs, multifamily residential accommodations in cities also underwent changes during this century. The apartment house attracted people who could not afford larger accommodation or who preferred to live in the city for proximity to work and entertainment. To spread more equitably the higher cost of urban land as well as to share the maintenance costs of amenities such as swimming pools, apartment houses evolved into large building complexes, including fitness and entertainment centres and sometimes retail space. Masonry load-bearing construction was replaced by steel or concrete structural frames, paralleling the development of office towers. With higher buildings, upper-storey apartments offered more dramatic views, and the ultimate in luxurious urban living became the penthouse apartment (see CONDOMINIUMS).

References[edit] “Architecture in Canada” The Canadian Encyclopedia Kalman, Harold D. A History of Canadian Architecture. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994. Canada by Design: Parliament Hill, Ottawa at Library and Archives Canada Baker, Marilyn, Manitoba’s Third Legislative Building: Symbol in Stone:The Art and Politics of a Public Building, Hyperion Press, Winnipeg, Manitoba 1986 Cameron, Stanley, Stones of History: Canada’s Houses of Parliament, Film Board of Canada Denby & Kilbourn, Toronto Observed: Its Architecture, Patrons, and History,Oxford University Press, Toronto 1986 Edwards, Gregory, Hidden Cities: Art & Design in Architectural Details of Vancouver & Victoria, Talonbooks, Vancouver, BC 1991.

Emporis.com Kalman, Phillips and Ward, Exploring Vancouver: The Essential Architectural Guide, UBC Press, Vancouver 1993 Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript Maitland, Hucker & Ricketts, A Guide to Canadian Architectural Styles, broadview press, Peterborough, ON 1992 McHugh, Patricia, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, McClelland & Stewart Inc.

, Toronto 1989 McMullen, Barbara, Ottawa’s Terra Cotta Architecture: Two Walking Tours, Heritage Ottawa, Ottawa, 2003 skyscraperpage.com Taggart, Jim, The Architecture of Downtown Victoria, Blue Steps – Pacific Walking Tour Guides, Vancouver, BC 2000 The Notman Photographic Archives.

External links[edit] Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada,  – biographies of Canadian architects and lists of their buildings from 1800 to 1950.

New House Forms With the European settlement of the St Lawrence Valley in the 17th century, a new house form was introduced to Canada. The early French Canadian settlers created a building tradition reminiscent of French architectural styles, but using Canadian building materials.

Initially the farmhouses of the habitants were low, broad buildings constructed of wooden planks with a shingled high-pitched roof and gable verges. They were rectangular and usually divided into 2 rooms of unequal size, with a large masonry chimney rising from the cross wall.

Timber was later replaced by fieldstone gathered from the clearing of the fields. Concurrently, other changes were introduced in response to the harsh climate: floor levels were raised well above grade and eaves became wider; the pitch of the gable verges became steeper until the hip was superseded by a gable; with the introduction of a second fireplace, chimneys were placed at the gable ends; a further extension of the eaves led to the typical curving bellcast roof covered with sheet metal.

The verandah house with a gallery passage above snow level and wide eaves supported by a row of columns was a further evolution of the Québécois rural house.

House styles have changed throughout history in response to socioeconomic forces as well as to climatic conditions (artwork by Carmen Jensen).

 The principal shared features in 20th-century Canadian housing design are informality, functionalism and hygiene. Informality has been encouraged by the increasing unavailability of servants and with it the abandonment of inconvenient and redundant features of housing design, such as sculleries, butler’s pantries and service corridors. The en suite arrangement of drawing and dining rooms has been replaced by a less formal, open plan, where the principal living spaces flow into each other. New socioeconomic realities place an emphasis on functionalism; functional houses are designed not so much to impress occasional visitors as to make living in them comfortable.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Yukon constructed prior to 1900.

External Links Moshe SafdieA website about the life and professional career of Canadian architect Moshe Safdie. From the Canadian Architecture Collection, McGill University. Euclid Avenue House by Levitt Goodman Architects Take a virtual tour of a Toronto “infill house” desgined by Levitt Goodman Architects.

From YouTube.

The LONGHOUSE of the agricultural Indians of Canada’s northeastern woodlands was a communal dwelling. The interior was subdivided into a number of bays, each allocated to a single family. Each bay had a low sleeping bench against the outside wall, and between the facing bays ran a wide corridor down the length of the building. These longhouses were not substantial, since after a few years of tilling without fertilization, the exhausted soil nearby produced scanty crops and the Indians abandoned their houses and moved on. A series of poles, arched to form a barrel-vault skeleton, supported the bark roof shingles and matting of the walls. Although each bay or cubicle was only about 2 m wide, the length of the longhouse would often exceed 20 m, from which we may conclude that it was not unusual for 20 families to live in one building.

Celebrated for its preservation of Francophone traditions that stretch back to its 1906 founding by Roman Catholic priests, Gravelbourg is considered the “cultural gem of Saskatchewan.” A religious complex—comprising a cathedral, a bishop’s residence, and the Convent of Jesus and Mary—together with brick sidewalks and a growing business district on Main Street marry antiquity with modernity. Residents can grab lunch at contemporary bistro Cafe de Paris or dig around in Styles, a gardening and kitchen store. “You’re enjoying a small town, but you still have urban amenities,” said Carlene Wallington, the town’s Economic Development Officer. French and English immersion programs are available at every stage of education. College Mathieu offers secondary French education supported by Centre Culturel Maillard, which devotes itself to the preservation of French language and culture. The Summer Solstice Festival celebrates music, literature, and the performing arts.

Named in a contest that awarded the winner $50 in gold, The Highlands was developed by the McGrath-Holgate Real Estate Company in 1910 as an “upper crust” community overlooking the North Saskatchewan River Valley on the northeast edge of Edmonton. The company’s rapid construction of luxurious houses came to an unfortunate end in 1913, when an economic recession caused the real-estate market here to bottom out. In the next 30 years, the Highlands developed piecemeal, with flurries of smaller houses built following World War I and again in the 1940s, following the expansion of oil pipelines from here to the United States. These days, residents enjoy an abundance of activities offered by the Highlands Community League, including sports programs, as well as bridge, gardening, and craft clubs.

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The energy crisis which began in the early 1970s stirred the consciousness of many designers to conserve energy. The simplest approach was the use of passive solar energy, by means of an optimum orientation of the dwelling towards the sun. Another approach entailed the active collection of solar energy through solar panels and storage in some form of thermal mass until required. The obvious advantages inherent in subterranean structures led to the earth-shelter movement, which promised warmth, quiet and energy efficiency, but underground homes have yet to gain popularity.

Igloo-shaped houses show the influence of native forms on modern housing (Corel Professional Photos).

First Nations peoples in Alberta were generally nomadic and did not create permanent structures, however they did often occupy the same site annually for many generations, and created permanent markers in the form of tipi rings and medicine wheels. The first Europeans to build in Alberta were the fur traders of the North West Company who constructed the first trading posts in Alberta at Fort Chipewyan and Fort Vermilion in 1788. Few buildings from the fur trade era remain.

Why Buy Here?A 15-acre park surrounding Willistead Manor and a small but thriving business area three blocks south make the 20-minute walk to Windsor’s center almost unnecessary. And a revitalized commitment to self-sustainability and lots of green space assure that Olde Walkerville is a perfect place to enjoy nature’s splendor, minus the suburban chore of driving everywhere. “The homes don’t stay long on the market because there’s not many gems like Walkerville anymore,” says Chris Holt of the Walkerville Residents Association.

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Among the best for: Canada, Waterfront, Bargains, First-Time Buyers, Parks and Recreation, Easy Commute, Retirees, Lots to Do

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Why Buy Here?If the cultural offerings, northern lights, and prairie sunsets aren’t enough, the city of Moose Jaw, offering art galleries and the Temple Gardens Mineral Spa, and the U.S. border are an hour away. Nearby Thomson Lake Regional Park and Shamrock Park provide opportunities for camping, fishing, and golfing.

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The Houses Most are Queen Anne or Folk Victorians in either two-story or cottage styles. Many retain their wood clapboard exteriors. The neighborhood is relatively affordable for Vancouver, which has the highest housing costs in Canada. While restored Victorian cottages are now commanding up to $900,000 USD, and some houses are selling for more than a million, fixer-uppers can be had in the $720,000 range.

Named for the surplus of rabbits that were once hunted here, this formerly wooded landscape, located high on a hillside above downtown St. John’s, was a working-class neighborhood. Here, fishermen and factory workers raised families in houses built during St. John’s growth spurt following World War I—a result of a growing fishing industry and the establishment of several American military bases. Affordably priced today, Rabbittown’s houses now attract young families, artists, and students attending the Memorial University of Newfoundland, a few blocks away. Two grocery stores and several mom-and-pop-style diners contribute to the convenience as well as the character of the place. “This is, by and large, a neighborhood in transition,” says George Chalker, executive director of the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador. “Young professionals are moving here, removing the old vinyl siding from the houses, and replacing them with more traditional wooden clapboards.”

Ivan Lupul’s Ukrainian home at Wostok, Alberta (courtesy Glenbow Archives/RCMP Museum, Regina).

1 Alberta 2 British Columbia 3 Manitoba 4 New Brunswick 5 Newfoundland and Labrador 6 Northwest Territories 7 Nova Scotia 8 Ontario 9 Quebec 10 Saskatchewan 11 Yukon 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

This is a list of the oldest surviving buildings and structures of significance in each province and territory of Canada.

The earliest dwellings in Canada were built and inhabited by Indians and Inuit. Viewed superficially, these buildings appear primitive, but although simple, they were sophisticated adaptations to a particular lifestyle and habitat, and in greater harmony with nature than most houses are today. The simplest dwellings were built by food gatherers and hunters, nomadic people who roamed Canada’s extensive grasslands, forests and the arctic barrens of the North. Their nomadic existence precluded the establishment of permanent settlements, so these migrating peoples built temporary shelters. Some were constructed of available building materials near the campsite, and others were made of materials easily transported from camp to camp.

Drawing of typical cross-section showing relation with elevation (drawing by Iffet Orbay).

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Alberta constructed prior to 1900.

Building Height[m] Floors Built City Architect Fort Langley storehouse[11] 1 1840s[12] Fort Langley Fort Kamloops log cabin 1840s Kamloops St. Ann’s schoolhouse 1844 Victoria Tod House 1851 Oak Bay Helmcken House 1852 Victoria Craigflower Manor[13] 2 1853 Victoria Hudson’s Bay Company The Bastion 3 1853-55 Nanaimo Hudson’s Bay Company St.

John the Divine Church 1859 Maple Ridge[14][15] Father Pandosy Mission[16] 1859 Kelowna Dodd House 1859 Saanich Fisgard Lighthouse 1860 Victoria Race Rocks Lighthouse 1860 Great Race Rock Manitoba[edit]

The tipi was an ingenious dwelling used by several tribes, but mostly associated with the Plains Indians, who followed the immense bison (buffalo) herds that roamed the plains. The skeletal structure of the tipi was composed of 3 or 4 poles tied together at the top and then erected; up to 20 additional poles were placed against the tripod or tetrapod thus formed. A tailored buffalo-hide cover was placed on this skeleton and was staked or weighted down with stones all around the bottom edge. A smoke hole was left on top at the intersection of the poles and could be closed or adjusted with the help of 2 flaps of the hide cover, each attached to a separate freestanding pole. The fire was built near the centre, below the smoke hole, and the bedsteads of the family members were placed on the ground around the walls of the tipi, except at the doorway, which always faced the rising sun. Dome- or beehive-shaped and tipilike structures were the basic forms of indigenous temporary shelters in Canada, and were used by many native tribes.

The HousesWhile stately Queen Annes and Colonial Revivals are predominant in the residential northern end of Summerside, Gothic Revivals and Georgian Revivals can be found closer to the waterfront. The affordability of houses in Summerside contributes to high ownership rates. Smaller homes begin at just $130,000, while larger or more historic homes range from $200,000 to $400,000.

The following is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Ontario constructed prior to 1830.

With the unpleasant memories of the industrial cities of Britain still fresh during the first decades of the 20th century, a combination of the garden-city home and the detached house became the ideal, appearing in surprising "imported" styles, such as Italianate and Queen Anne, as well as in simple frame houses and cottages. The rate of home ownership in urban areas also increased during this period and in Vancouver reached 80% by 1930. The élite often favoured ornate mansions and villas displaying a pastoral imagery based on old-English farmhouses or half-timbered Tudor revival mansions. These houses attempted to create an instant sense of history, of homes where generations had dwelt. This half-timbered motif was especially prevalent in Vancouver and Victoria, and was symbolic of the strong ties with the "Old Country," just as the California bungalow symbolized the informality of the new country.

Why Buy Here? Unlike other cities of similar size, Winnipeg has continued to experience strong economic growth thanks to a diversified economy, which includes manufacturing, agriculture, and the aerospace industry. While Wolseley is within walking distance of downtown Winnipeg and its many amenities, its own picturesque shopping district on Westminster Street is home to organic grocery shops, bookstores, and bakeries.

The Houses Most are small one- or two-story cottages, with the occasional rowhouse, built between 1920 and 1950. Over the years, insensitive renovations have left their legacy, but industrious residents are restoring newly acquired houses to their original condition. Prices start at around $180,000 USD.

The HousesQueen Annes and foursquares predominate. Large Victorian-era homes run from $300,00 to $350,000, but come with a whopping 12 to 15 rooms, suitable for big families. Smaller but equally gracious foursquares go for $180,000 to $250,000.

The oldest residential neighborhood in Vancouver, Strathcona developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries just east of the city’s original townsite, where an 1860s sawmill—then the city’s main economic engine—was located on the Burrard Inlet and around which most of the city’s first residents lived. Vancouver grew by leaps and bounds when the Canadian Pacific Railway made the city a terminus in 1887, turning it into a center of trade and industry. To meet rising demands for housing, the Vancouver Improvement Company developed the neighborhood of Strathcona, which soon became home to a diverse cross-section of residents, including Chinese, Italian, and African-Canadian families. These days, as many older residents relocate to smaller houses or assisted living, newcomers are buying, and beautifully restoring, its Victorian-era houses. “This is one of Vancouver’s best neighborhoods,” says local historian James Johnstone. “Its character and sense of identity set it apart from the rest of the city.”

 After the Conquest (1760), European traditions in rural house construction continued, not only with the application of the heritage brought from the British Isles but also with an American colonial architectural influence transplanted into Canada with the influx of the Loyalists. Stone masonry walls were gradually replaced by red-brick masonry, but wood continued to be the dominant building material for rural houses. On the prairies, where wood was scarce, early settlers often built SOD HOUSES.

More substantial dwellings were built by the coastal Indians of British Columbia. Living in a temperate climate, with a plentiful supply of good building materials, the coastal Indian tribes built large communal houses, each inhabited by a number of families. Their rich environment allowed a settled existence, which is reflected in the permanence of their homes. These impressive structures were low-pitched and gable-ended rectangular structures built of massive cedar posts and beams. Their interior arrangement, 2 facing rows of bays with sleeping platforms separated by a central corridor, was similar to the buildings of the eastern woodlands. Hearths were tended in the centre of the corridor, with the smoke escaping through apertures made when the roof planks were thrust aside by means of a pole. Most communal buildings had only a single entrance at one of the gable ends. The more leisured existence of the coastal Indians led to a significant art form of ornamentation of their dwellings and TOTEM POLES.

Bungalows were built extensively in Canadian suburbs where land prices were more reasonable. The bungalow bespoke a new lifestyle associated with the easier climate and informality of California. It featured indoor-outdoor rooms, verandahs and patios. Today, the suburban bungalow is usually built of wood with an external cladding of wood or masonry, with gyproc on the inside. It is prevalent among every income group, as a modest home or as a luxurious rambling ranch house. In recognition of an earlier heritage exemplified by the woodwork of the Northwest Coast Indians, British Columbian architects evolved a regional style in domestic architecture, characterized by cedar siding and the shed roof.

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Canadian cities have inherited many substantial old buildings near central areas that no longer serve their intended purpose, and many of these abandoned buildings have been successfully converted into multifamily housing. Many, such as schools, warehouses and factories, are not only inherently solid structures but also have high ceilings which make them eminently suited for conversion into spacious and attractive dwellings. This opportunity has been exploited by architects in most of our large cities and has resulted in exciting, unconventional residential architecture.

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The following is a list of buildings and structures in Manitoba constructed prior to 1900.

Building Height [m] Floors Built City Architect Image Holy Trinity Anglican Church 1854 Stanley Mission The Rev. Robert Hunt Mission of St. Antoine de Padoue[153] ? 1 1884 Batoche Oblates of Mary ImmaculateLudger Gareau Marr Residence ? 2 1885 Saskatoon All Saints Anglican Church 1887 Katepwa Beach Almighty Voice Jailhouse 1880 Duck Lake [154] Powder Magazine 1890 Cumberland House [155] Territorial Administration Building ? 2 1891 Regina Thomas Fuller Jean Caron Sr.

Farm Home[156] 1895 Batoche Jean Caron Sr. [157] All Saints Anglican Church 1 1896 Duck Lake Hudson’s Bay Company Store 1897 Fort Qu’Appelle Motherwell Homestead 1897 Abernethy William Richard Motherwell [158] Yukon[edit]

The following is a list of old buildings and structures in Quebec constructed prior to 1750.

Building Height[m] Floors Built City Architect Image Prince of Wales Fort 1731-41 near Churchill Royal Engineers Lower Fort Garry 1831 to 1848 near Selkirk, Manitoba Hudson Bay Co. Big House, (Lower Fort Garry) 1832 near Selkirk, Manitoba Hudson Bay Co.

The Archway Warehouse 1840-1841 Norway House St Andrews on the Red[17] 1 1845-1849 RM of St Andrews Gray Nuns’ Convent (Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum)[18] 2 1845-1851 St. Boniface (Winnipeg) Seven Oaks House Museum[19] 2 1851 Winnipeg John Inkster Ross House Museum 2 1852 Winnipeg Old St.

James Anglican Church[20] 1853 Winnipeg, Manitoba St. Peter Dynevor Anglican Church[21] 1853 R. M. St. Clements Upper Fort Garry Gate 1853 Winnipeg Kildonan Presbyterian Church[22] 1854 Winnipeg, Manitoba St.

Andrews Rectory[23] 2 1854 RM of St Andrews Brown House 1856 Winnipeg, Manitoba Miss Davis’ School / Twin Oaks 2 1858 R.M. of St. Andrews St. Peter’s Dynevor Anglican Church Rectory 2 1860 R.M. of St.

Andrews St. Clement’s Anglican Church[24] 1861 RM of St. Andrews Barber House[25] 2 1862 Winnipeg Bunn House 1862 Selkirk St. Anne’s Anglican Church[26] 1862-1864 RM of Portage la Prairie Kildonan School[27] 1865 Winnipeg Captain William Kennedy House 1866 St.

Andrews, Manitoba Christ Anglican Church 1868-1870 Fort Alexander, Powerview, Manitoba, Inkster House[28] 1874 Winnipeg Little Britain United Church[29] 1874 (est. 1852) R.M. of St. Andrews Louis Riel House 2 1880-1881 St.

Vital, Winnipeg Vaughan Street Gaol[30] 1881 Winnipeg Government House 1883 Winnipeg Holy Trinity Anglican Church[31] 1 1884 Winnipeg Charles Wheeler Neepawa County Courthouse 3 1884 Neepawa C. Osborn Wikenden Saint-Léon Roman Catholic Church 2 1894 Saint-Léon H.

P. Tergesen General Store 1 1898 Gimli Vendome Hotel 4 1898 Winnipeg Henry S. Griffiths Old St. Michael’s Ukrainian Orthodox Church 1898-1899 RM Stuartburn(Oldest surviving Ukrainian church in Canada) Isbister School 2 1899 Winnipeg New Brunswick[edit]

The Houses While a few examples of late-18th-century architecture survive, most houses and commercial buildings here were built by late-19th- and early-20th-century residents who made their fortunes in commercial fishing and other seafaring industries. Styles include Queen Anne, Second Empire, Folk Victorian, Gothic Revival, and Georgian Revival. Prices range from about $115,000 to $400,000 USD.

Before 1784, New Brunswick was part of the colony of Nova Scotia and the majority of the population was aboriginal. The native populations of the land that is now New Brunswick were a nomadic people and thus there are few remains of their settlements. However, in 1784 New Brunswick became its own colony due to an increasingly non-aboriginal population. The area was mostly forest until United Empire Loyalists started to arrive, and European-style buildings were not constructed for the most part until after their arrival. Many Acadian homes and settlements were destroyed by the British during the expulsion of the Acadians known as the Great Expulsion from 1755 to 1763. Acadians were a people of French descent who lived in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia for over a century before the British took over the lands that were New France. After the expulsion there was a short wave of settlement by a peoples known as the New England Planters. They were a small group without a lot of remaining architecture.

The first Europeans to arrive in Quebec were settlers from France. They founded Quebec City in 1608 and erected there the first foundations such as the Habitation made of wood and set up by Samuel de Champlain. Despite the founding of other significant settlements in New France in the 17th century, notably Trois-Rivières in 1634 and Montreal in 1642, there are only a few 17th-century buildings that still survive outside the Capitale-Nationale region. Therefore, the oldest buildings still standing in Quebec are found heavily in and around Quebec City. All such buildings date from the French regime and are protected as historical monuments under the law enforced by the Ministry of Culture and Communication of Quebec.[129]

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The width, size and appointment of the townhouse reflected the wealth of its occupants, but usually townhouses were 2-storeys high, with the ground-floor level raised half a floor above sidewalk level. Tenements and apartment buildings also made their appearance in cities during the 19th century. Tenements were built as minimum-standard living accommodation for low-wage earners, and apartment buildings were more commodious, designed as rental flats for the middle-income group. Neither type constituted a large proportion of the Canadian urban-housing stock and consequently the dire housing conditions experienced in Great Britain and in many large American cities never existed in Canada.

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Once a backwater for smugglers and lawless New Englanders, this town on the Quebec-Vermont border bloomed in the 19th century as a business and transportation center due to large-scale quarrying of granite and its place as the last Canadian stop on the stagecoach that linked Quebec with Boston. In 1870, the stagecoach gave way to a railway, reinvented as a bicycle path today. Dufferin Street, which runs through Stanstead and into Derby Line, Vermont, is hailed by locals as an open-air museum that features three large churches and massive two- and three-story Victorian-era homes. “We have lots of examples that are half in Canada, half in the United States,” says Troy Winter of ReMax Realty. Residents show their community spirit with an outdoor Christmas bazaar, holiday decorating contest, winter fun day in Beebe Memorial Park, and—new this year—a haunted hockey arena at Halloween. Each summer, the approximately 3,000 citizens (and their American neighbors) celebrate culture and history at Border Fest, enjoying a parade, music, foods of the region, and family-style “firemen” races.

Why Buy Here? Five minutes from downtown Summerside is an expanding aerospace and information-technology industrial park and a fully functional regional hospital, which are attracting more career-minded young people to this modest town of almost 15,000.

Demographic shifts and socioeconomic forces in this century have brought into existence a variety of specialized housing for the elderly and the handicapped, and for single persons, students, communards and others. The same common design criteria of informality, functionalism and hygiene also govern the layout of specialized housing.

 Perhaps the most fascinating dwelling is the IGLOO, a snowhouse built by the INUIT living in the treeless tundra. These circular, dome-shaped structures had a raised sleeping platform facing the low entranceway. Working from the inside, the builder placed one snow block next to another in upward-spiraling rows, each block tipped slightly inward to narrow the circle until a dome structure resulted. The spiraling rows made scaffolding during construction unnecessary. Although snow may seem to be an unlikely building material for shelter, it has excellent insulating qualities. Insulation of the interior was often improved by lining walls and ceilings as well as the sleeping platform with caribou hides and seal skins. When the igloo began to melt in summer, it was abandoned and replaced by a seal-skin tent called tupiq, a portable dwelling like the TIPI, consisting of a framework of poles covered with seal skins.

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Why Buy Here? All roads to the entrance of the famed Fundy Trail Parkway lead through St. Martins. This 10-mile multiuse coastal trail is undergoing its second phase of development. Once completed, it will connect to the trans-Canadian network, creating hundreds of new year-round jobs in the area and also giving the town an even bigger tourism boost.

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